Allergen-induced dendritic cell migration is controlled through Substance P release by sensory neurons

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Author Name

Pamela A Aderhold

Zaynah N A Dewan

Caroline Perner

Cameron H Flayer

Xueping Zhu

Tiphaine Voisin

Ryan B Camire

Isaac M. Chiu

Ohn A Chow


Caroline L. Sokol

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Dendritic cells (DCs) of the cDC2 lineage are necessary for the initiation of the allergic immune response and in the dermis are marked by their expression of CD301b. CD301b+ dermal DCs respond to allergens encountered in vivo, but not in vitro. This suggests that another cell in the dermis may sense allergens and relay that information to activate and induce the migration of CD301b+ DCs to the draining lymph node. Using a model of cutaneous allergen exposure, we show that allergens directly activate TRPV1+ sensory neurons leading to itch and pain behaviors. Allergen-activated sensory neurons release the neuropeptide Substance P, which stimulates proximally located CD301b+ DCs through MRGPRA1. Substance P induces CD301b+ DC migration to the draining lymph node where they initiate Th2 differentiation. Thus, sensory neurons act as primary sensors of allergens, linking exposure to activation of allergic-skewing DCs and the initiation of the allergic immune response. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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